Lung transplant is surgery to transplant a diseased lung and replace it with a healthy lung. Lung transplants are used to improve the quality of life and extend the lifespan for people who have severe or advanced chronic lung conditions.
The surgery may be done for one lung or for both. Lung transplants can be done on people of almost all ages from newborns to adults up to age 65.
Single lung transplant: This is the transplant of one lung.
Double lung transplant: This is the transplant of both lungs.
Bilateral sequential transplant: This is the transplant of both lungs, done one at a time. It’s also called bilateral single.
Heart-Lung transplant: This is the transplant of both, the lungs and the heart taken from a single donor.
Most lungs that are transplanted come from deceased organ donors. This type of transplant is called a cadaveric transplant. Healthy, non-smoking adults who are a good match may be able to donate part of one of their lungs. The part of the lung is called a lobe. This type of transplant is called a living transplant. People who donate a lung lobe can live healthy lives with the remaining lungs.
Before getting ready for a transplant, there is a rigorous evaluation process that patients need to go through. This includes:
Stopping smoking: Lung transplant recipients who smoke must quit. They must be nicotine-free for several months before being put on the transplant list.
Diagnostic tests: Tests may be done to check the lungs and overall health. These tests may include X-rays, ultrasound, CT scans, pulmonary function tests, lung biopsy, and dental exams. Women may also get a Pap test, gynaecology evaluation, and a mammogram.
Blood test: Blood tests are needed to help find a good donor match. This helps improve the chances that the donor organ will not be rejected.
Cath study: Cardiac catheterization is used for diagnostic tests such as angiography, arteriography, and electrophysiology studies (EPS).
Physociological and social evaluation: This includes assessing stress, financial issues, and support by family and other loved ones. These issues can have a major effect on the outcome of a transplant.
Other preparations: Several immunizations will be given. These are to lessen the chance of infections that can affect the transplanted lung.